Rajya Sabha


The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is also know as the the upper house of the Parliament of India. As per Article 80 of the constitution The Rajya Sabha is to consist of not more than Two hundred and fifty (250) members. Out of which 238 are to be elected and 12 are to be nominated by the President of India. Actual strength of Rajya Sabha as per present law is Two hundred and forty five (245), of which 233 are elected and 12 are nominated. As per Article 80 (3) of the Constitution of India President of India can nominates 12 Persons having special knowledge or practical experience or done extraordinary work in the field of literature, science, art and social service, sport.

Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution. However, one third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member is elected for a term of six years. Rajya Sabha members indirectly elected by the state legislators. I.e. Each state MLAs elect the Rajya Sabha members who are nominated by their political party. Rajya Sabha members are elected from all state and two Union Territories (Delhi and puducherry).  How many Members are there in Rajya Sabha

HISTORY of the Rajya Sabha


The Rajya Sabha was constituted for the first time On 3 April 1952. Council of States (Rajya Sabha) meet for the first time on On 13 May 1952. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was the first Chairman of Rajya Sabha. S.V.Krishnamoorthy Rao was the first Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

How many Rajya Sabha members are elected from each state


 Allocation of Seats to the States and Union Territories in Rajya Sabha is depends on the population of the State. And this rule is applicable to all States. Number of elected seats in the Rajya Sabha allotted to States and Union Territories has changed from time to time. Presently Uttar Pradesh has the maximum numbers of Rajya Sabha members among all other State of India.

Present elected members to the Rajya sabha


Present law allows to elects 245 members.  See Present elected members to Rajya sabha from all State and Union Territories.

Powers of the Rajya Sabha


In certain subject Rajya Sabha has been given some special powers which is not avialable to others.

To empower Parliament to make laws in respect of any matter enumerated in the State List in the national interest by adopting a resolution to this effect

As per article 249 of Constitution Rajya Sabha may pass the resolution, by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting, to the effect that is necessary or expedient in the national interest to any matter enumerated in State List. Then, Parliament is empowerd to make a law on the subject specified in the resolution for the whole or any part of the territory of india. Such a resolotion remains in force for a maximum period of one year but this period can be extended by one year at a time by passing a further resolution.

Creation of All India Services

Under article 312 of the Constitution , if it is neccessary or expedient in the national interest to create one or more All India Services common to the Union and the States, Rajya Sabha has the power to create by law such services.

Approving Proclamations if the Lok Sabha stand dissolved or the dissolution of the Lok Sabha takes place within the period allowed for the approval of the Proclamation by Parliament

As per article 352 of constitution If a proclamation is issued for imposing national emergency or As per article 356 if failure of constitutional machinery in a State or financial emergency (article 360), at a time when Lok Sabha has been dissolved then the proclamtion remains effective even if it is approved by Rajya Sabha alone.

Qualifications to become a Member of the Rajya Sabha

Article 84 of the Constitution mentioned the qualifications for membership of Parliament. A person to be qualified for the membership of the Rajya Sabha should posses the following qualifications:

  1. He/she must be a citizen of India and make and subscribe before some person authorized in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule to the Constitutio
  2. His age must be 30 years or more.
  3. He/she must possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament.

Rajya sabha Members Party-wise


The number of seats, allocated to the political party, are determined by a number of seats, a party possesses during nomination. a political party with a maximum number of MLAs in State assembly gets to send the maximum number of MPs to the Rajya Sabha. Presently Indian National Congress(INC) party has the maximum numbers of Rajya Sabha members among all other political parties.  See Party-wise Rajya sabha members

Duration of Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution. However, one third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member is elected for a term of six years.

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Vishal Hule is the founder of www.newincept.com. He is from Pune. Vishal Hule is Software Engineer by profession and political enthusiast too.
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